16 November – International Day for Tolerance

According to the last ACNUR report of 2016, an average of 20 persons per minute is being forced to flee their home and seek protection somewhere else, including out of their countries.

In a world agitated by intolerance and armed conflicts, Argentinean artist Marta Minujín created “El Partenón de Libros Prohibidos de todo el mundo” (“The Parthenon of Prohibited Books from all around the world”) –see picture-, to represent the books that were forbidden in their original language.

Marta Minujín explains her creation in the following way:

“For my participation in Documenta (Document) 2017, I got inspiration from my 1983 project in Buenos Aires, with the idea of remaking it. (…) In a world with migrants´ crisis and armed conflicts, as equally perverted as the military dictatorship in Argentina, I thought about representing those (books) which were forbidden in their original language, therefore creating this historical piece of art which intends to bring peace to all those countries”.  

We thank Marta Minujín Archivo for allowing us to disseminate her work.

Why celebrating this day?

It was established by the United Nations in 1995 with the aim of encouraging States to implement public policies in favor of tolerance in all areas. This date was inspired by the UNESCO “Declaration of Principles on Tolerance”, which states that “tolerance is not concession, condescension or indulgence. Tolerance is, above all, an active attitude prompted by recognition of the universal human rights and fundamental freedoms of others”.


Declaration of Principles on Tolerance

International Day for Tolerance

ACNUR – Global Trends on Forced Displacement in 2016

Marta Minujin

November 22, 2017