Girardota, Peace and Social Inclusion Laboratory

Icono localización

Girardota - Colombia

Region
Latin America and the Caribbean
Range of Demographic Size
50,000 to 99,999 inhabitants (small intermediate)

4.3 By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university.

4.4 By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and professional skills, to access employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship.

4.5 By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations.

4.7 By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development, among other means.

5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere in the world.

5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.

5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life.

8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services.

8.4 Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead.

10-2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status.

10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard.

16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children.

16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all.

16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime.

16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.

16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements.

A - Full integration of population dynamics into sustainable development with equality and respect for human rights.

E - Gender equality

H - Indigenous peoples: interculturalism and rights

American Convention on Human Rights

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).

Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in economic, social and cultural rights (San Salvador Protocol).

• Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women (Convention of Belém do Pará)

Others

Summary

The purpose of this policy is to contribute to the collective construction of the conditions for a long-lasting peace and peaceful coexistence based on a life with dignity and opportunities for all inhabitants of the Municipality, from an approach of full enjoyment of rights.

It emerges to mitigate the devastating effects of the armed conflict that left high rates of victim population due to violations of human rights and breaches to Humanitarian International Law, and to restore coexistence. It implements social integration and post-conflict strategies, with collective peace construction actions linked to development, social inclusion and peaceful resolution of conflicts.

Implementation Date:

Start: 07 / 1 / 2016

End: End: Currently in force

Local economic development - Family farming Education - Education in Human Rights Education - Non-formal education Interculturalism and non-discrimination - Inclusion and building of intercultural societies Local economic development - Food sovereignty /safety Security
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There were several occurrences of armed conflict in Girardota which affect coexistence: displacement, intra-family violence, sexual violence, political violence, homicides, intimidations, torture, forced disappearances, extortion and kidnappings. The Municipality drags historical conflicts and violence and it is a strategic criminality thoroughfare given its geographic location, therefore violence is experienced in all its territory and some of the victims have had to leave while other arrived from different territories, becoming both receptor and expelling. Different armed groups have intervened in the territory: first, the Colombian Revolutionary Armed Forces, then the Metro Block of United Self-defenses of Colombia and finally, the Paramilitary groups, which took the conflict to another level, going from rural to urban. Massacres and torture have been common, as well as the sale of land at minimum prices and unemployment. People who did not want to leave adapted themselves to these organizations and their ways. After the demobilization process, however, the effects of these armed groups and conflict have submerged Girardota in a culture of violence which does not let the people have peace.
Contribute to the collective construction of the conditions for a long-lasting peace and peaceful coexistence based on a life with dignity and opportunities for all inhabitants of the Municipality, from an approach of full enjoyment of rights. Specific Objectives: 1. Develop pedagogical tools supplementary to the school education process which strengthen peaceful coexistence, social inclusion and reconciliation. 2. Improve educational, productive, security and road connectivity infrastructure in urban areas and project influence communities. 3. Contribute to generation of food security and social economic stabilization of the most vulnerable communities. 4. Contribute to the territorial peace and the local reconciliation by means of historical memory and symbolic reparation actions which shed light to the local and national conflict and bring together and link the population to a way of post-conflict. 5. Develop education processes which strengthen a culture of dialogue, life protection and reconciliation with the environment. 6. Generate actions and strategies to solve conflicts peacefully and to prevent any type of violence, promoting the concepts of “conciliators, mediators and justices of the peace”. 7. Strengthen citizen participation by means of public communication, social mobilization and sustainability strategies.
Municipal Government: in charge of the design, management and implementation through the different secretariats according to the issues and with own and co-funding resources of entities such as the national government, the department government and the associative scheme Valle de Aburrá Metropolitan Area.
Valle de Aburrá Metropolitan Area. The entity has an Integral Plan for Metropolitan Development called Metrópoli 2008–2020 Project to lead the sustainable development of Valle de Aburrá. The 2016-2019 Action Plan of the Valle de Aburrá Metropolitan Area is based on the coordination, interaction, mobilization and social and institutional agreement around an ethical and political agenda of sustainable development and territorial peace in harmony with the environment. The National Government, in compliance with and in line with the provisions set forth in point 2: “Political participation: democratic opening to build peace”, reasserts its commitment to the implementation of actions leading to a full political and citizen participation of all political and social sectors. The policy articulates with the following sector policies of the territory: the Metrópoli and Valle de Aburrá Metropolitan Area Management Plan, the Departmental Plan for the Development of the Antioquia region, the National Development Plan; the Agreement for a stable and long-lasting peace between the Government and the FARC. The development plan is also linked to the Sustainable Development Objectives and their respective compliance indicators.
In order to be able to participate in the peace implementation and local reconciliation process and as an example for the country, the Municipality included in its 2016-2019 Development Plan (Municipal Agreement number 006 of 2016) “Unidos Hacemos Más” (Together we do more), actions tending to achieve the following objectives: • Creation and execution of the Class of Peace and Democracy for Coexistence. • Education of peace community leaders. • Implementation of education strategies for the post-conflict. • Strategic alliances for peace. • Creation and implementation of the center of justice, healthy coexistence and peace. • Peace and social inclusion laboratory.
Society in general
Women
Children and teenagers
Indigenous peoples
Seminars/events
Social/citizen participation
Communication and information channels, platforms and tools
Education and training
Institutional strengthening
Building of partnerships, networks, associations and coalitions
Components and/or institutional action strategic lines: 1. Education and culture: pedagogical tools supplementary to the school education process which strengthen peaceful coexistence, social inclusion and reconciliation. 2. Infrastructure-institutional presence near rural areas: improvements in educational, recreational, productive, security and road connectivity infrastructures in the communities of influence of the project; among them and with the urban areas. 3. Farming economy, food safety and rural development: generation of productive chains which procure the internal market and venture into the external markets for the social and economic stability and food security of the most vulnerable communities. 4. Memory and reconciliation: historical memory and symbolic reparation actions which shed light to the local and national conflict and brings together and links the population to a way of post-conflict. 5. Environmental conservation and protection for peace, theoretical, practical and symbolic education processes which strengthen a culture of conservation and reconciliation with the environment. 6. Peaceful coexistence: strategies which promote the peaceful resolution of conflicts, prevent violence and use of force as a way to manage conflict, promoting the concepts of “conciliators, mediators and peace justices”. 7. Citizen participation and sustainability: public communication, social mobilization and sustainability strategies.
Girardota included in its municipal policy programs and projects in favor of a culture of peace from the local level, with the idea of materializing the territorial approach of peace presented in the peace agreements with the FARC: peace as effective enjoyment of rights. The intention is to set up capacity and generate a public-private alliance model for the satisfaction of basic needs of the communities with emphasis on the most vulnerable ones, such as the families of armed conflict victims. The Laboratorio de Paz of Girardota is an own institutional initiative, unlike the previous peace laboratories in Colombia which were developed with international support during the conflict. Even if the contexts are different, the participation of the civil society is vital in territorial peacebuilding, and this is an institutional effort to link the civil society, political actors, and the national and regional governments. It arises from the conviction that if the peace laboratories were carried out in Colombia in the times of conflict, it is necessary to support them in post agreement times.
The policy establishes alliances with: • National government • National police. • Departmental government. • Metropolitan Area. • Universidad de Antioquia. • National Learning Service (SENA). • Politécnico Jaime Isaza Cadavid. • Victim Associations. • Women Associations. • Communal Action Councils. For the attainment of economic and technical resources, the Girardota government has entered into inter-administrative agreements with public entities, such as the Government of Antioquia, the Valle de Aburrá Metropolitan Area, Corantioquia, some Ministries and some decentralized public entities, the public University and institutes, among others. The foregoing is certified by the municipal administration and evidenced by the concluded agreements.
Presented from the active participation of citizens: ● Municipal council (formal) where the elected officials participate; ● Communal Action Councils (informal); ● Municipal Social Policy Council (formal); ● Round table of armed conflict victims (formal). The public policy of the Participative Budget allocates resources to the Communal Action Councils to be invested in those projects prioritized by the community. This policy is issued by the Secretariat of Urban Planning and Development and executed by the different communal action councils. It is important to highlight that the aim of the resources for the development of infrastructure and the supply of labor were chosen by means of voting which were carried out by the different councils with the inhabitants of each sector (communities, populated center, neighborhood). In addition, The Decent Work Promotion Plan formulated by the Government of Girardota with the support and coordination of Socieux+ is part of the sustainability strategy of the public policy “Girardota, a Peace and Social Inclusion Laboratory”.
The technical and budgetary resources for the execution of the policy are available in the same municipal functional and administrative structure. For the continuity of the policy, several farms, initially leased, have been acquired for the purposes of training (farm school), security (establishment of Colombian police officers school) and environmental sustainability (protected parks for reforestation and remediation of watersheds). In addition, the decent work policy has been recently formulated for the Municipality of Girardota, including the continuity of active policies in favor of employment related to the Peace Laboratory.
Follow-up and evaluation is made through management and accountability reports which are prepared by each secretariat. All units and the internal control secretariat of the Government of Girardota prepare reports of the different project lines according to the execution progress. The members of the municipal committee prepare the reports based on the verifiable information in the agreements entered into by the territorial entity with the different public entities or executed with own resources. The affected population is identified and the link of the action with the line of the Development Plan is set as well as its contribution to the consolidation of the Girardota Peace and Social Inclusion Laboratory.
Local goverment
Subnational goverment
National government
Some of the results of the policy to close social gaps, integrate the territory, provide physical, food and social security; to organize and integrate the communities, to recognize and assist the victims, and to recover the farming tradition of the territory are listed hereinbelow, among them: 1. Acquisition of resources for the development of foreseen actions: purchase of farm for the operation of the Experimental Farm School and the Basic Unit of Colombian Police Officers; purchase of three farms for the protection and conservation of the environment (generation of direct employment). 2. Infrastructure and services: building of schools for the peace; building of metropolitan sports center; construction of road and bridges and improvement of road infrastructure of the communes of influence in the experimental farm. 3. Memory and emotional recovery actions for armed conflict victims. 4. Training through the “farmer to farmer” and “farmers for a day” programs for children, teenagers, women and youths in psychoactive substance consumption situation. 5. Food security: distribution of basic need products among the population. 6. Sustainability: inclusion in the recently formulated new Decent Work Policy.
Management, accountability, internal control reports and a report for the media are prepared. The developments in the policies are recorded in the quality control forms, where the information is organized by means of checklists of the actions performed for the internal audit. For each strategic line, the contribution of the “Girardota, Peace and Social Inclusion Laboratory” and its suitability towards the objective and the proposed improvement actions are recorded. Each record is filled out with the verification of evidence and findings.
Premio Construir Igualdad (CIPDH-UNESCO, edición 2019)

Instrumentos

4.3 By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university.

4.4 By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and professional skills, to access employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship.

4.5 By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations.

4.7 By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development, among other means.

5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere in the world.

5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.

5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life.

8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services.

8.4 Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead.

10-2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status.

10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard.

16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children.

16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all.

16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime.

16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.

16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements.

A - Full integration of population dynamics into sustainable development with equality and respect for human rights.
E - Gender equality
H - Indigenous peoples: interculturalism and rights
American Convention on Human Rights
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in economic, social and cultural rights (San Salvador Protocol).
• Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women (Convention of Belém do Pará)
Others

Location

Region
Latin America and the Caribbean
Range of Demographic Size
50,000 to 99,999 inhabitants (small intermediate)

Contact details

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/* Educacion = 2 Empleo = 14 Género y diversidad sexual = 8 Interculturalidad y no discriminación = 21 Medio ambiente = 18 Movilidad Humana = 7 patrimonio e identidad cultural = 88 Salud = 25 Seguridad = 31 Vivienda = 30 */