“Democracy is a universally recognized ideal and an objective based on common values ​​shared by the peoples that make up the world community, whatever their cultural, political, social and economic differences. Thus, it is a fundamental citizen’s right, which must be exercised in conditions of freedom, equality, transparency and responsibility, with due respect for the plurality of opinions and in the interest of the community. Democracy is both an ideal that must be sought and a mode of government that must be applied in accordance with modalities that reflect the diversity of experiences and cultural particularities, without abrogating internationally accepted principles, norms, and rules. Thus, it is a state or a condition constantly perfected and always improvable, whose evolution depends on various political, social, economic and cultural factors”. From the Universal Declaration of Democracy.

In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution 62/7, by which it decided to designate September 15 of each year as “International Day of Democracy”. Held since 2008, this anniversary is an opportunity to vindicate democracy as one of the essential pillars in the international community.

The date commemorates that September 15, 1997, when the Inter-Parliamentary Union adopted the Universal Declaration of Democracy after the successive International Conferences on New and Restored Democracies held since 1988 at the initiative of the Philippines, a country that had gone through over 20 years of dictatorship.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights also safeguard freedom, human rights and the holding of periodic elections by universal suffrage, which are essential elements of democracy. These instruments sanctioned by the United Nations establish a series of political rights and civil liberties on which democracies must be sustained.

“Everyone has the right to participate in the government of their country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. Everyone has the right of access, under conditions of equality, to public functions in their country. The will of the people is the basis of the authority of public power; this will will be expressed through authentic elections to be held periodically, by universal and equal suffrage and by secret ballot or other equivalent procedure that guarantees freedom of vote”. From the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.