“Since wars are born in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the bulwarks of peace must be erected” (from UNESCO’s Declaration of Constitution). In December 2017, the United Nations declared May 16 as the International Day of Living Together in Peace, to promote tolerance, solidarity, respect and peace worldwide.
The UN was formed after the Second World War with the aim of ridding future generations of the horrors of war, working for lasting peace and sustainable development. The world today, however, is still far from eliminating discrimination and intolerance, including those based on race, color, sex, language, religion, political opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, economic position, physical handicaps, birth or any other condition.
For this reason, the UN continues to promote the values of dialogue and international cooperation: “peace is not only the absence of conflict. Living together in peace consists of accepting differences and having the ability to listen, recognize, respect and appreciate others, as well as to live peacefully and unitedly. It is a positive, dynamic and participatory process in which dialogue is promoted and conflicts are resolved in a spirit of mutual understanding and cooperation”.