The date was established by the United Nations General Assembly through Resolution 72/165 of 2017 and began to be celebrated in 2018 with the aim of “honoring and supporting the victims and survivors of terrorism and promoting and protecting the full enjoyment of their human rights and fundamental freedoms”. The decision has antecedents in the actions that the UN developed in the last decades and were specifically embodied in the United Nations Global Strategy against Terrorism, approved on September 8, 2006 by the General Assembly.

“The dehumanization of the victims of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations creates an environment conducive to the spread of terrorism. Continuing to strengthen and making the most of the United Nations capacity in areas such as conflict prevention, negotiation, mediation, and peacekeeping and consolidation, is the most effective way to fight terrorism and respect dignity, human rights and defend the rule of law”, declared the United Nations in its 2006 statement.

By proclaiming an International Day dedicated to the victims of terrorism, the General Assembly also “recognizes that the promotion and protection of human rights and the rule of law at the national and international levels are essential to prevent and combat terrorism.” Already in 2021, in Resolution A / RES / 75/291, the world body points out the importance of defending the rights and supporting the needs of victims of terrorism, “particularly women, children and people affected by the sexual and gender-based violence”.