“Reaffirming that, as stated in the Preamble to the Constitution of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, since wars are born in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that they must be erected the bulwarks of peace”, states the Resolution of the 77th plenary session of the United Nations General Assembly, which in 1980 established the International Day of Peace.

Twenty-one years after that decision, in 2001, the General Assembly unanimously decided to designate each commemoration of the International Day of Peace “as a day of ceasefire and non-violence worldwide, so that all nations and peoples feel motivated to carry out a cessation of hostilities throughout that day ”.

World concern for peace, in these pandemic times, is growing. For this reason, the UN calls for “the global ceasefire that must continue to be respected, to ensure that people caught in conflict have access to vaccines and treatments that can save lives.” In line with the United Nations Secretary-General’s call for a global ceasefire in March this year, in February 2021 the Security Council unanimously approved a resolution calling on Member States to support a “lasting, broad and sustained humanitarian pause in local conflicts”. In addition, the United Nations established that the theme for the International Day of Peace this year is “Better recovery for a fair and sustainable world”.