In Argentina, every October 22 the National Day for the Right to Identity is celebrated. The day was instituted in 2004, in tribute to Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo and their struggle for the recovery of their appropriated grandchildren during the last civic-military dictatorship in the country.
The Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo began an uninterrupted struggle on October 22, 1977, driven by love and the search for memory, truth and justice, which has managed to restore 130 identities so far.
For 2021, within the framework of its 44th anniversary and for the National Day for the Right to Identity, Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo summons “society, institutions, civil society organizations and the educational community to join the campaign ‘Florece Identidad’, with the aim of making visible, once again, the search for the nearly 300 grandchildren that remain to be found. Only with the collective exercise of memory will the identities of those who still live without knowing the truth about their origin flourish”.
On the campaign website, you can read about the Right to Identity: “It is the right that we all have to know who we are and where we come from. In Argentina, during the last civic-military dictatorship, this fundamental human right was systematically violated by the terrorist state: the vast majority of appropriated children were denied the truth about their identity of origin.
Thanks to the struggle of Abuelas, in November 1989, articles N ° 7, 8 and 11 were incorporated into the Convention on the Rights of the Child to guarantee the Right to Identity throughout the world. In September 1990, this Convention was, in turn, included in Argentine domestic law. The social construction of the right to identity had a new chapter when, in 2005, the struggle of Abuelas and other Human Rights organizations achieved that the Law for the Integral Protection of the Rights of Girls, Boys and Adolescents was enacted. This law substantially modifies the view on children, who cease to be objects of law to become subjects of law.