45 years ago, Argentina was a victim, within the framework of the provisions set forth in the Condor Operation organized for the Southern Cone, of the so-called National Reorganization Process, which meant the most cruel military coup of the 20th century.
The political violence executed by the State, with an array of civil groups’ condescension, manifested itself in the dissemination of terror throughout the social body, expressed in a practice that none of the previous regimes had exercised: the systematic disappearance of people.
Thus, clandestine detention centers began to be set up while a series of measures were dictated consolidating a state of exception. Silence, censorship and repression were some of the weapons used to increase social control, arguing the need for a disciplinary order.
In the pain of an entire gagged community, the mothers and grandmothers emerged, choosing the squares throughout the country to break the wall of silence regarding the disappearance of their children and grandchildren and to rebuild a social territoriality.
The action of these women was supported by a strong cultural assumption: motherhood as a fundamental value. In a strongly conservative society, where it was mandatory for women to dedicate themselves to the care and upbringing of their children, the protest and the search of mothers and grandmothers and the struggle for the appearance of their children and grandchildren alive allowed the personal to become a political issue. Far from questioning their status as women, in reverse movement, society transformed them into leaders of the resistance.
This place of resistance was also appropriated by art and culture from which genuine popular expressions emerged, facing censorship and the empty aesthetic imposed by the de facto government.
The role of culture and women who fought against the civic-military dictatorship also constituted an unexpected legacy where young people found the strength, solidarity and support to face the horror.
Today, 45 years later, we keep our memory and vindicate the fight for truth and justice. For the mothers and grandmothers, for the young people and the culture in resistance, for life.
Now and always.