On June 28 of each year, the International LGBTIQ+ Pride Day is celebrated in commemoration of the so-called Stonewall riots, which began that day in 1969 after a police raid on a bar in New York (USA). Stonewall was one of the few places of recreation in that city that allowed the entry of homosexual people, within the framework of a society that mistreated them and a police that arrested or humiliated them publicly, while at the same time they suffered marginalization or expulsion from study centers.
As a response to that raid, riots and violent demonstrations arose spontaneously which, together with other events that occurred later, are considered the first signs of struggle by the gay community in the United States and the world. Today, every June 28 is an unofficial celebration of reaffirmation of pride over traditionally marginalized and repressed sexual and gender identities and orientations, but also to make visible their presence in society and their claims, many of them in full force in different parts of the world.
Although in many countries progress has been made in the struggle for the recognition of rights and the creation of public policies for the LGBTIQ+ population, including of course the historic and very important decision of the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1990 to eliminate homosexuality from the list of mental illnesses (ending more than a century of discrimination within medicine) the celebration of each LGBTIQ+ Pride Day is a political response to the various mechanisms that the traditionalist system continues to use in many places against those who “deviate” of heteronormativity: shame, exclusion and physical attacks that can even go as far as the death of the victim.