“Ni Una Menos was born out of fed up with sexist violence, which has its cruelest point in femicide. It was named like this, simply, saying enough in a way that moved everyone: ‘not one less’ is the way of declaring that it is unacceptable to continue counting women murdered for the fact of being women or dissident bodies and to indicate the object of that violence”. From the Organic Charter of the Ni Una Menos Collective.
On June 3, 2015, a multitude of women of all ages and social sectors stormed the streets of Buenos Aires and other cities in Argentina to demand an end to femicides, the most extreme form of sexist violence that feminism had been denouncing for decades. In the weeks prior to that mobilization, and in the heat of the overwhelming force expressed by the crowd occupying the public spaces and the document that was drawn up for that day, the Ni Una Menos Collective was born, made up of a plurality of voices and tones that expressed the feminist tide that emerged from Argentina and also the rest of the region.
One of the claims in 2015 was to know in an official and systematized way the registry of femicides in the country with the information provided by the courts of each province. That is why the production of a report published by the Office of Women of Argentina’s Supreme Court was later considered a great advance. The report that gathers data from 2020 indicates that in Argentina a femicide takes place every 35 hours. There are 251 direct victims of femicide in 2020, including 6 victims of transvesticide/transfemicide, with an alarming peak in femicides registered in April last year, during the mandatory preventive social isolation (ASPO) due to the coronavirus pandemic.
The reality is that the murders of women for the fact of being women have not decreased in these six years. Although some progress has been observed in public policies, the creation of official registries has taken place and social condemnation has also become widespread, feminism continues to demand other actions. For this year’s call -virtual due to the pandemic- some of the specified demands are a judicial reform with a gender and feminist perspective, the effective implementation of the IVE and ILE laws and respected childbirth, the sanction of a national Quota and Labor law for transvestite and trans inclusion, and more specific budget for comprehensive policies against femicides, transvesticides and transfemicides, among other important claims.
Beyond the institutional impact, the irruption of Ni Una Menos gave a great boost to the work that some sectors had been doing in order to make visible other types of sexist violence that remained hidden, silenced and sometimes naturalized, such as labor discrimination, harassment, and sexual abuse. A violence originated in political, cultural and economic issues, in structures that need to be dismantled. Ni Una Menos managed to allow society to move the discussion about sexist violence from the traditional spheres to install it in daily life and the political agenda.