Human trafficking is a serious crime and a serious violation of human rights. Every year thousands of men, women and children are trafficked in their own countries and abroad. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), as guarantor of the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the related Protocols, assists States in the application of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking.

In its article 3, this Protocol defines trafficking as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, reception or reception of people, resorting to the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or a situation of vulnerability or the granting or receipt of payments or benefits to obtain the consent of a person who has authority over another, for the purpose of exploitation.

This exploitation includes the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

In September 2015, the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda adopted goals and targets on human trafficking. These goals call for an end to trafficking and violence against children, as well as the need to take action against human trafficking, and strive to eliminate all forms of violence and exploitation of women and girls.

The World Day Against Trafficking was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in resolution A / RES / 68/192. Along with bonded labor, forced labor, sexual exploitation, and child and forced labor and marriage, human trafficking is one of the 6 types of modern slavery.