“We are here because we are tired of being a people that suffers. We are here because we want our freedom. We believe that all those human rights that are common to the rest of humanity should also be enjoyed by us”. Those words were part of the speech that Marcus Garvey, activist and founder of the Universal Association for the Improvement of the Black Man (UNIA, for its acronym in English), gave to the public gathered in a neighborhood of New York, USA, to inaugurate in 1920 the first International Convention of the Black Peoples of the World.

On August 31 of that year ended that meeting with the Declaration of the Rights of the Black Peoples of the World, one of the most significant declarations of human rights produced by civil society in the twentieth century. It was generated after thousands of African American soldiers returned home after fighting in the First World War, to face intensified discrimination, segregation and racial violence in their country.

In the framework of the 100th anniversary of that Declaration, in 2020 the United Nations General  Assembly approved Costa Rica’s proposal to establish each August 31 as International Day of Afro-descendants, in order to “promote the extraordinary contributions of the African diaspora throughout the world and eliminate all forms of discrimination against people of African descent”.

In Declaration A / RES / 75/170 approved on December 16, 2020, the United Nations also refers to Human Rights Council resolution 43/1 of June 19, 2020, “in which the Council strongly condemned the persistence among law enforcement agencies of racist violent and discriminatory practices and the excessive use of force cont against Africans and Afro-descendants, and condemned the structural racism of the criminal justice system around the world”.