This anniversary was proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1972, coinciding with the beginning of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (UNECH), so that “every year the organizations of the United Nations system and the governments of all countries of the world undertake worldwide activities that reaffirm their concern for the conservation and improvement of the human environment, with a view to deepening awareness of the human environment and to persevere in the determination proclaimed in the Conference”.

Known as the Stockholm Conference, its Declaration marked a turning point in the development of international policy on the subject. With the attendance of representatives from 113 countries, 19 intergovernmental bodies, and more than 400 intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, it is widely recognized as the beginning of modern political and public awareness of global environmental issues.

Yet nearly 50 years after that milestone the planet is on the verge of a potentially catastrophic climate change. According to the UN “every three seconds, the world loses an area of ​​forest equivalent to a football field and, in the last century alone, we have destroyed half of our wetlands. 50% of our coral reefs have already been lost and by 2050, up to 90% could disappear, even if global warming is limited to an increase of 1.5 ° C. Environment 2021 is focused on the restoration of ecosystems with the motto “Reimagine, recreate, restore”, with the aim of going from exploiting nature to curing it. Also on this day will be the start of the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration (2021-2030), “a global mission to revive billions of hectares, from forests to farmlands, from mountain tops to the depths of the sea. Because only with healthy ecosystems can we improve people’s livelihoods, counteract climate change and stop the collapse of biodiversity”.