Unesco and the International Labor Organization (ILO) established that every October 5 is celebrated World Teachers’ Day, to pay tribute to one of the most valuable professions in any society. The date commemorates the anniversary of the signing of the ILO-UNESCO Recommendation on the Status of Teaching Personnel, made in 1966.

“The situation of the teaching staff should correspond to the demands of education, defined according to the teaching aims and objectives; the full achievement of these aims and objectives requires that educators enjoy a fair situation and that the teaching profession enjoy the public respect it deserves”, can be read in that Recommendation, which also establishes reference criteria regarding the rights and responsibilities of personnel teachers and standards for their initial training and further development, recruitment, employment, and teaching and learning conditions. Years later, in 1997, the Recommendation on the Status of Higher Education Teaching Personnel was adopted.

UNESCO highlights that, since then, the work of the teacher has been gaining importance and that among the objectives of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development “education plays a fundamental role”. It is also projected that, in the future, a greater number of professionals will be needed in this discipline.

On this World Teachers’ Day 2021, a year and a half after the COVID-19 pandemic began, according to UNESCO “emphasis will be placed on the support that must be provided to teachers to fully participate in the process of recovery”. The theme for this year will be “Teachers at the center of educational recovery.”