The initiative carried out by the CIPDH-UNESCO responds to the fact that the trafficking of men, women, girls and boys is a serious and rapidly growing crime that affects thousands of innocent people around the world and represents a serious violation of fundamental human rights. Traffickers control and exploit vulnerable victims and use threats, force, deception or kidnapping, largely employing sexual and labor exploitation, which are often directed at individuals with little training or economic means.

The fight by national, regional and international authorities against trafficking in human beings can benefit, to a great extent, from agreements and conventions that are made between governmental and even non-governmental organizations, in order to coordinate parallel investigations in those countries where victims are recruited, exploited and transferred.

Also, the many considerations surrounding human trafficking cases, coupled with the often complex nature of these activities, pose challenges to the authorities of the countries involved during the investigation and prosecution phases.

These crimes are often committed by organized crime groups that administer a large number of resources and work methods whose benefits can be difficult to trace and seize.

Locating, identifying and convincing victims to cooperate with security forces and judicial authorities in order to bring the perpetrators to justice constitutes a complex challenge.

Thus, taking into consideration the Resolution approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18, 2013, the CIPDH-UNESCO’s authorities have decided to sign agreements with different national organizations, extending to the regional and international spheres, to develop activities committed to the fight against this scourge.